After the Territorial Administrative Reform, the area of the municipality of Durres has expanded 4 times more, while public services, including environmental services, are not distributed equally, which affects the lives of a large part of the population. The municipality aims to provide the whole territory with services and to increase the local quality of life by applying new strategies. Regarding the management and distribution of environmental services, budgeting and planning is a key principle in this issue, as well as raising awareness and building civic capacities in recognizing environmental services and their civic importance.
The target area in Durres is the city and especially the beach area, which is overpopulated due to the tourist flow. The environmental services impact on the population is crucial. Through the project “Financing of Environmental Services after Territorial Administrative Division” implemented under the SENIOR II Program “Support to Civil Society Organizations in Albania” by the Regional Center Albania (REC) and funded by the Swedish Government, the goal is to create a model of civic sustainability engagement and a cooperation between the local government and the community with the goal to provide environmental services and adequate urban waste management.
Through the project, both on the network and the local level, a series of actions aimed at civic participation and local government action plans will be implemented, harmonized and well-coordinated with each other; so that environmental services are not only distributed equally but also provide good practices to be implemented in the everyday life of citizens. It also aims to foster an intermunicipal co-operation in the management of urban waste in the beach area as a best practice for well-managed tourism zones and as an added value to the local economy.
The former swamp, also called “New Durres”, according to the local strategy is planned to receive investments in the industry and to promote economic development. This area has about 60,000 inhabitants and there is a significant lack of public services, infrastructure and networks that cause major environmental problems. Regarding urban waste management, there are no standards or any monitoring of the trash collection, transport and storage services. The service’s territorial coverage only includes the main roads. The local population has low degree of environmental education. Local awareness-raising policies promoting reducing, reusing, recycling and waste separation are inexistent.
Considering this situation, the ”Today for the Future” Network implemented under the program ACHIEVE – “An active civil society for a European environment”by REC Albania and funded by the European Union in Albania, the project “Monitoring, Evaluation, Awareness on Urban Waste Management in the Former Swamp – New Durrës area”.
Achievements of this project:
“Today for the Future” Durrës also published a report based on the qualitative and quantitative data obtained from the survey of a sample of 100 residents with coverage of the entire territory of the former Swamp. At the same time, a direct monitoring data on the urban waste management services such as deposit, removal, service time and frequency, territorial coverage and quality of service was conducted.
Some of recommendations on:
SENIOR – A
Since 2014 “Today for the Future” is a member of the Network of Environmental Services. This network is part of the “SENIOR-A Support for Environmental Organizations of Civil Society in Albania” implemented by the Regional Center in Albania (REC) and funded by the Swedish Government. The network is made up of 6 organizations: Auleda in Vlora; Another Vision in Elbasan, Gjirokastra in Gjirokastër; I, the Woman in Pogradec, CDC “Today for the Future” in Durres and Urban Research Institute inTirana, leading the network.
In 2014, 350 questionnaires were distributed within the network to measure the satisfaction in regard to public services in cities where SENIOR – A partners are active, such as Gjirokastra, Pogradec, Elbasan, Durres and Vlora.
“Today for the Future” has the role of drafting the reports on environmental services Durres.
The survey focused mainly on waste management, access to safe drinking water and wastewater as well as the maintenance of public spaces. 70 respondents from the areas of “Ish-Këneta” and the beach were interviewed.
Some of the recommendations:
Based on the reports the Network released a publication “Manual of Environmental Experience – Active Civil Society in Environmental Services in Albania”.
Because of the findings of its monitoring on public services and the analysis of sample water, the delivery of water supply and disposal of wastewater showed the necessity for a second detailed monitoring, something which the Network of Environmental Services took into account for a further analysis.
For the functional area in Durres, “Today for the Future” distributed 100 questionnaires in the area of “Ish-Këneta” as well as Porto Romano, Nishtulla, Central Durres, Maminas, Sukth, Rrashbull, Ishmi and “Katundi I Ri”. The questionnaire focused on obtaining citizens’ opinions on the quality of environmental services such as water supply, water quality, and sewage removal.
The findings of the monitoring were discussed and validated at the round table held in the Municipality of Durres with the referenced institutions and the community.
Some of the recommendations are:
Based on the monitoring and validation, “Today for the Future” will undertake an analysis of the current situation on the service access, delivery of drinking water as well as wastewater disposal in the city of Durres.